Tuesday , 28 November 2023
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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.

Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. Egypt is the ninth country in terms of Diabetes prevalence worldwide.

While the cause of diabetes is unknown, there are factors that make a person more at risk for diabetes: You may be at risk if you: are 45 years old or over are overweight (especially if you carry most of your weight around your waist area), have a parent, brother or sister with diabetes have given birth to a baby that weighed over 4kg at birth, or have had gestational diabetes, “diabetes during pregnancy” have high cholesterol or other fats in the blood have higher-than normal blood glucose levels have high blood pressure or heart disease For those already diagnosed with diabetes, it can be aggravated by stress, excess sugar intake or by developing an infection.

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Our community context:


Egypt is a country of nearly 83 million, approximately two thirds of the total population have no health insurance and rely on government funding for care in public hospitals.  More than 11% of the population of Egypt suffers from diagnosed (type 2) diabetes; the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) have the highest prevalence of diabetes as a world region, with six MENA countries making the top 10 ranking.  Currently Egypt is number nine.   A recent New York Times report stated “In Egypt, 42 percent of people with diabetes experience early-stage eye disease and 5 percent are legally blind”


Our efforts:

We are planning to design a huge DM project in Egypt soon.